Do You Have All the Information You Need About Lymphoma?
One of the most frustrating things about cancer is that seemingly every part of the body can find itself vulnerable to at least one form of it. Arguably even more frustrating is when the parts of the body that are intended to fight disease are subverted and turned to cancer’s nefarious deeds. The body uses the immune and lymphatic systems to try and fight diseases. Both are risks for dangerous cancerous issues.
When the lymphatic system is affected by cancer, it is known as lymphoma. There are several types of lymphoma, but the most common that people know about are Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. The lymphatic system is comprised of many parts included the lymph nodes, thymus gland, spleen and bone marrow. Lymphoma will typically start in one of those areas before it spreads. It can also affect all of them. Learning more about lymphoma can assist in diagnosing earlier and getting help as soon as is possible.
Causes and Risk Factors
The cause of lymphoma is currently unknown. This is the case with most cancers. Despite this, doctors do know how lymphoma starts at least. Somehow the white blood cells called lymphocytes will become mutated at a genetic level. From there, the lymphocytes begin to multiply out of control. The cells outgrow their usefulness and the lymphocytes become ineffective. The cancer can easily spread due to the mobility of the lymphocytes.
There are many risk factors which can increase the chance of getting a version of lymphoma. Despite these risk factors, it’s good to know that anyone can have one. Age is a risk factor. Teens and young adults are vulnerable to one factor, while most people who get lymphoma are over the age of 55. Men are more likely to get lymphoma than women are. People who have issues with their immune diseases are at risk. This can come from medication to suppress the immune system in the case of a different condition, or from autoimmune diseases. There are also a variety of infections which can increase the chance of getting lymphoma.
Signs and Symptoms
Anyone who shows any of the potential signs or symptoms of lymphoma should get themselves to the doctor. Early diagnosis can lead to early treatment. Lymphoma is one of the better treated cancers and has a higher level of survivability. Some of the symptoms that should be looked for include:
- Swelling - Specifically, this swelling is of the lymph nodes in a person’s armpits, groin or their neck.
- Fatigue - This isn’t a sudden onset, but rather a common fatigue that occurs consistently and persistently.
- Fever - This symptoms is common of many conditions and typically isn’t enough to recognize lymphoma on its own.
- Shortness of Breath - Some people with lymphoma struggle breathing normally.
- Weight Loss - Specifically this is an unexplained weight loss that occurs without reason.
- Sweating - This sweating occurs at night. People will wake up covered in sweat with sheets soaked.
Once it’s diagnosed, then it’s time for treatment. Treatment for lymphoma actually has several options. This type of cancer can be very slow moving, sometimes, treatment can wait until the symptoms ruin a person’s day. Beyond that, some people will undergo radiation therapy or chemotherapy to deal with the faster growing versions of lymphoma. There are some targeted drugs which have shown to have an effect as well. In causes where the bone marrow has been damaged, then a bone marrow transplant can be necessary. No matter what form of treatment is needed, a doctor will be able to determine exactly what the right course of action is.
No information on this website should be used to start the use of dietary supplements and vitamins, natural and herbal products, homeopathic medicine and other mentioned products prior to a consultation with a physician or certified healthcare provider.